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National Assembly Act

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For other Acts or subordinate statutes of the Republic of Korea, please refer to the Korea Legislation Research Institiute.

Korea Legislation Research Institiute
CHAPTERⅠ. GENERAL PROVISIONS
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Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the democratic and efficient operation of the National Assembly, which is a representative body of the people, by prescribing matters necessary for the organization and proceedings of the National Assembly and other matters.

Article 2 (Notification and Registration of Election)
(1) When those who are elected as members of the National Assembly are determined, the chairperson of the National Election Commission shall immediately notify the National Assembly of the list of elected members.
(2) Those who are elected as members of the National Assembly, after they are determined to be elected, shall present their election certificates to the National Assembly Secretariat and register themselves.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 4761, Jun. 28, 1994]

Article 3 (Arrangement of Seats)
The seats of the members of the National Assembly (hereinafter referred to as "National Assembly member") shall be determined by the Speaker in consultation with representative members of each negotiating party: Provided, That if they do not reach agreement, the Speaker shall make the determination. 〈Amended by Act No. 4761, Jun. 28, 1994〉

Article 4 (Regular Session)
The regular session shall be convened on the first day of September each year: Provided, That if such day falls on a legal holiday, the regular session shall be convened on the following day. 〈Amended by Act No. 6266, Feb. 16, 2000〉

Article 5 (Special Session)
(1) When a special session is requested to convene, the Speaker shall announce it publicly three days before the session is convened. In such cases, if there are two requests for special session or more, the request of which the date of special session shall be announced publicly, and if they are made for the same date, the request made first shall be announced publicly. 〈Amended by Act No. 6266, Feb. 16, 2000〉
(2) The Speaker may, notwithstanding paragraph (1), publicly announce one day before the session is convened in cases where there exist internal or external troubles, disaster or grave crises of finance and economy, state of hostilities affecting the national welfare, or wartime, calamity or the state of national emergency equivalent to them. 〈Newly Inserted by Act No. 6266, Feb. 16, 2000〉
(3) The first special session to be held after the general election for members of the National Assembly shall be convened on the seventh day after the term of the National Assembly members begins, and if the National Assembly is not in session when the term of the first elected Speaker expires, it shall be convened not later than five days prior to the expiration date of the Speaker's term: Provided, That if such day is a legal holiday, it shall be convened on the following day. 〈Amended by Act No. 4761, Jun. 28, 1994; Act No. 6855, Feb. 4, 2003〉

Article 5-2 (Basic Schedule, etc. on General Operation of National Assembly for Year)
(1) The Speaker shall determine a basic schedule on the general operation of the National Assembly (including inspection of state administration) for the following year in order to operate the National Assembly at all times throughout a year, following consultation with the National Assembly members representing each negotiating party, not later than December 31 each year: Provided, That the basic schedule on the operation of the first National Assembly for the relevant year, which is comprised after the general election for members of the National Assembly, shall be determined not later than June 30. 〈Amended by Act No. 14376, Dec. 16, 2016〉
(2) The basic schedule on the general operation of the National Assembly for the year under paragraph (1) shall be prepared according to the criteria of the following subparagraphs: 〈Amended by Act No. 7614, Jul. 28, 2005; Act No. 14376, Dec. 16, 2016〉
1. Special sessions shall be convened on February 1, April 1, June 1 and August 16: Provided, That in cases of the month when the general election for the National Assembly members is held, the foregoing shall not apply, and where the date on which a special session is convened is a public holiday, the special session shall be convened on the following day;
2. A regular session shall be for 100 days, and a special session under subparagraph 1 shall be for 30 days (a special session convened on August 16 shall be held until August 31);
3. The interpellation to the Government shall be made under Article 122-2 for one week from among the session of special session under subparagraph 1.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 6266, Feb. 16, 2000]

Article 5-3 (Notification of Plans for Introduction of Legislative Bills)
Except for the unavoidable cases, the Government shall notify the National Assembly not later than January 31 each year of the plans for legislative bills to be introduced in the relevant year. Where such plans are modified, the important matters for each quarter shall be notified to the National Assembly. 〈Amended by Act No. 10652, May 19, 2011〉
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 6266, Feb. 16, 2000]

Article 6 (Opening Ceremony)
The National Assembly shall hold an opening ceremony on the day when a session is convened: Provided, That in cases of special sessions, an opening ceremony may be omitted. 〈Amended by Act No. 6266, Feb. 16, 2000〉
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