Election & Roles
Election and Roles
Election of the Speaker
- The Speaker of the National Assembly shall be elected by National Assembly members through a secret ballot, by securing the votes of a majority of all the Members.
- If no one secures a majority of votes, a second vote shall be taken.
- If no one secures a majority of votes in the second vote, a final vote shall be taken for one who has obtained the largest number of votes and another who has obtained the second-largest number of votes in cases in which only one has obtained the largest number of votes; or for those who have obtained the second-largest number of votes when at least two persons have obtained the largest number of votes; and the person elected shall be the one who has obtained the concurrent votes of a majority of the National Assembly members present under an attendance of a majority of the incumbent National Assembly members. (Article 15 of the National Assembly Act)
- In the event of a vacancy in the office of the Speaker or Deputy Speaker, or a vacancy in both offices, a special election shall be held without delay.
Term of the Speaker
- The term of the Speaker shall be two years.
- A Speaker elected via a special election shall hold office for the remainder of their predecessor’s term.
- The Speaker may resign from his/her office upon the consent of the National Assembly.
Prohibition against Retaining Party Register by Speaker
- When a National Assembly member is elected as the Speaker, he/she shall not retain any party registry starting one day after the date on which he/she is elected and while he/she remains in the post.
- When the Speaker who has left a party registry has completed his/her term of office, he/she shall return to the political party to which he/she belonged at the time of leaving such party registry.
Duty of the Speaker
- The Speaker shall represent the National Assembly, regulate its proceedings, maintain order, and supervise its affairs.