> INTRODUCTION > Organization > Plenary Session
- The plenary shall be the highest decision-making body of the National Assembly, composed of the entire membership of the National Assembly. It shall be convened with the attendance of one-fifth or more of the members. Unless otherwise stipulated in the Constitution or the National Assembly Act, decisions of the National Assembly shall be adopted with the attendance of a majority of all the members on the register and by a concurrent majority vote of the members present.
- Speeches by the Government on administrative policy with respect to the budget bill, speeches by a representative of a negotiating party, and any interpellation to the government shall be heard or raised at the plenary session.
Quorum refers to the minimum number of people required for a meeting to open or proceed, or for the items on the agenda to be decided.
- Quorum for Proceedings: the minimum number of members required to proceed with a meeting
(one-fifth or more of the registered members)
- Quorum for Resolution: a minimum number of members required to make a decision
- The meetings of the National Assembly shall be open to the public.
Being open to the public shall include freedom of observation and reporting, public announcement of the minutes of the meetings, etc.
- Bills and other matters submitted to the National Assembly shall not be abandoned on the grounds that they were not acted upon during the session in which they were introduced. However, this rule shall not apply if the term of office of the member who submitted the above bills expires.
- Each session of the National Assembly shall not be deemed a separate entity; rather, the sessions are considered a continuous one as long as the members are in office.
- A bill which has been voted down cannot be re-proposed or re-introduced during the period of the same session to prevent a filibuster or disturbance during the meeting, especially one caused by the minority.
- A member representing a party with a negotiation group or the representative assemblyman of a negotiation group may deliver a speech on behalf of his or her party or negotiation group for up to 40 minutes.
- During a stipulated period of the session, questions may be raised to the government on overall state affairs or specific matters. Asking a question shall take no more than 20 minutes, and questions shall be answered one by one.
- Questions on emergency matters shall be raised to and answered by the government for a total of 120 minutes, with no more than 10 minutes for each member asking a question. An additional interpellation time shall not exceed 5 minutes. Questions shall be answered one by one.
- Members may take the floor for no more than five minutes to express their opinions on any bills, petitions and other matters of interest under deliberation in the National Assembly.
- Speeches questioning meeting procedures, etc. or speeches to express an opinion may last no more than five minutes.
- In the event a member has a personal issue, he or she shall make a speech explaining what happened for no more than five minutes.
- A speech to refute another assemblyman's speech or a speech to explain the matter in question shall be made for no more than three minutes.
- Upon the Speaker's announcement that a vote be taken, the members shall express whether they are in favor of, or against the matter by voting, and the votes shall be counted.
The most common form of vote. Pros and cons shall be decided by recording votes electronically. In the event of extraordinary circumstances, such as mechanical failure of voting equipment, the pros and cons shall be decided by a standing vote.
* If the plenary session decides on a matter of importance, by a proposal of the Speaker or a motion by one of the members, or at the request of one-fifth or more of all members, such matters shall be put to either an open vote, a roll-call vote or a secret ballot.
Votes to decide whether members have any objections to a matter
When the Speaker asks members whether they have any objection to a matter, and he or she deems that there is no objection, he or she may declare that the matter is adopted, but if there is any objection, a vote shall be taken.
In this type of voting, the members in favor of a matter are required to stand up and be counted, and then, those against the matter take their turn to be counted
In this type of voting, the members shall indicate on a paper ballot, their names and whether they are in favor of, or against a matter (such as an amendment to the Constitution).
In this type of voting, the members shall indicate only whether they are in favor of, or against a matter without giving their names (A secret vote is used in the following National Assembly votes: on bills returned to the National Assembly by the President, bills regarding personnel affairs, bills recommending the dismissal of the Prime Minister or a member of the State Council, and propositions of impeachment, prosecution of the Prime Minister, etc.)
Procedures for the Plenary Session
Procedures for the Plenary Session
||Quorum for Proceedings : one-fifth or more of registered members
||Speaker : Responsible for reporting on important and necessary matters of the session
Reporter : Director General of Proceedings Bureau
Five-Minute Free Speech
An application to give a speech shall be submitted to the Speaker, no later than 4 hours prior to the opening of the plenary session. The speech shall be given for 5 minutes or less, within one hour after the opening of the session.
Speech on Personal Matters
A written application for such a speech shall be submitted during the session, and shall be given for 5 minutes or less.
Speech on the Proceedings of the Session and Speech Refuting Another Assemblyman's Speech
Written applications for such speeches shall be submitted during the session. Speeches on proceedings shall be given for 5 minutes or less, and refuing speeches, for 3 minutes or less.
* A speech may be made during the opening of the session with the Speaker's permission.
||Bill on the Agenda : Bills on today's agenda
Bills shall be placed on the agenda one by one according to the agenda order, and two or more bills may be placed at the same time when necessary.
Chairperson of a competent committee, or a member acting on behalf of the Chairperson, reports on the bills deliberated by the committee.
Explanation of Proposal
The person who has proposed the bill shall explain the
points of the proposal.These bills include ones that have not been deliberated by a committee and ones that have been proposed by a committee.
||A member who desires to submit an interpellation, or to debate an item on the agenda, shall notify the Speaker in advance, of his or her opposition or support thereof. The Speaker shall allow opponents and supporters to express their views in turn, and shall allow one of the opponents to express his or her view in preference over any supporter. The agenda items examined by the relevant committee may be resolved without interpellation or debate. When the Speaker participates in a debate, he or she shall leave the chair, and shall not take the chair again until the vote on the matter under debate is finished.
||Quorum for Resolution : The Assembly shall make decisions with the attendance of a majority of all the members and by the concurring vote of a majority of the members present.