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National Assembly Act

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CHAPTERⅠ. GENERAL PROVISIONS
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CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the democratic and efficient operation of the National Assembly, which is a representative body of the people, by providing the organization and proceedings of and other necessary matters for the National Assembly.
Article 2 (Notification and Registration of Election)
(1) When those who are elected as members of the National Assembly are determined, the chairperson of the National Election Commission shall immediately notify the National Assembly of the list of elected members.
(2) Those who are elected as members of the National Assembly, after they are determined to be elected, shall present their election certificates to the National Assembly Secretariat and register themselves.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 4761, Jun. 28, 1994]
Article 3 (Arrangement of Seats)
The seats of the members of the National Assembly (hereinafter referred to as "National Assembly member") shall be determined by the Speaker in consultation with representative members of each negotiating party: Provided, That if they do not reach agreement, the Speaker shall make the determination.
Article 4 (Regular Session)
The regular session shall be convened on the first day of September each year: Provided, That, if such day falls on a legal holiday, the regular session shall be convened on the following day.
Article 5 (Extraordinary Session)
(1) When convocation of an extraordinary session is requested, the Speaker shall announce it publicly three days before the session is convened. In such cases, if there are two or more requests for convocation of an extraordinary session, the request for the earlier convocation shall be announced publicly, and if they are made for the same convocation day, the first request shall be announced publicly.
(2) The Speaker may, notwithstanding paragraph (1), announce convocation one day before the session is convened in cases where there exist internal or external troubles, disaster or grave crises of finance and economy, state of hostilities affecting the national welfare, or wartime, calamity or the state of national emergency equivalent to them.
(3) The first extraordinary session to be held after the general election for members of the National Assembly shall be convened on the seventh day after the term of the National Assembly members begins, and if the National Assembly is not in session when the term of the first elected Speaker expires, it shall be convened not later than five days prior to the expiration date of the Speaker's term: Provided, That, if such day is a legal holiday, it shall be convened on the following day.
Article 5-2 (Basic Schedule, etc. on General Operation of National Assembly for Year)
(1) The Speaker shall determine a basic schedule on the general operation of the National Assembly for the following year in order to operate the National Assembly at all times throughout a year, following consultation with the National Assembly members representing each negotiating party, not later than December 31 each year: Provided, That the basic schedule on the operation of the first National Assembly for the relevant year, which is comprised after the general election for members of the National Assembly, shall be determined not later than June 30.
(2) The basic schedule on the general operation of the National Assembly for the year under paragraph (1) shall be prepared according to the criteria of the following subparagraphs:
1. An extraordinary session shall be convened on the first day (if it is a legal holiday, the following day) of each even number month (excluding August, October and December): Provided, That in case of the month when the general election for the National Assembly members is held, this shall not apply;
2. A regular session shall be for 100 days, and an extraordinary session under subparagraph 1 shall be for 30 days;
3. The interpellation to the Government shall be made under Article 122-2 for one week from among the session of extraordinary session under subparagraph 1.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 6266, Feb. 16, 2000]
Article 5-3 (Notification of Plans for Introduction of Legislative Bills)
Except for the unavoidable cases, the Government shall notify the National Assembly not later than January 31 each year of the plans for legislative bills to be introduced in the relevant year. Where such plans are modified, the important matters for each quarter shall be notified to the National Assembly.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 6266, Feb. 16, 2000]
Article 6 (Opening Ceremony)
The National Assembly shall hold an opening ceremony on the day of its convocation: Provided, That in case of extraordinary sessions, an opening ceremony may be omitted.
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